Symbolism was a late nineteenth-century art movement of French, Russian and Belgian origin in poetry and other arts. In literature, the style had its beginnings with the publication of Les Fleurs du mal by Charles Baudelaire. The works of Edgar Allan Poe, which Baudelaire admired greatly and translated into French, were a significant influence and the source of many verses and images. The aesthetic was developed by Stéphane Mallarmé and Paul Verlaine during the 1860s. In the 1880s, the aesthetic was articulated by a series of manifestos and attracted a generation of writers. The name “symbolist” itself was first applied by the critic Jean Moréas, who invented the term to distinguish the symbolists from the related decadents of literature and art. Distinct from, but related to, the style of literature, symbolism of art is related to the gothic component of Romanticism. Symbolism was largely a reaction against naturalism and realism, anti-idealistic styles which were attempts to represent reality in its gritty particularity, and to elevate the humble and the ordinary over the ideal. Symbolism was a reaction in favour of spirituality, the imagination, and dreams. Symbolists believed that art should represent absolute truths that could only be described indirectly. Thus, they wrote in a very metaphorical and suggestive manner, endowing particular images or objects with symbolic meaning. The symbolist poets wished to liberate techniques of versification in order to allow greater room for “fluidity”, and as such were sympathetic with the trend toward free verse, as evident by the poems of Gustave Kahn and Ezra Pound. Symbolist poems were attempts to evoke, rather than primarily to describe; symbolic imagery was used to signify the state of the poet’s soul. T. S. Eliot was influenced by the poets Jules Laforgue, Paul Valéry and Arthur Rimbaud who used the techniques of the Symbolist school. Synesthesia was a prized experience; poets sought to identify and confound the separate senses of scent, sound, and colour. Of the several attempts at defining the essence of symbolism, perhaps none was more influential than Paul Verlaine’s 1884 publication of a series of essays on Tristan Corbière, Arthur Rimbaud, Stéphane Mallarmé, Marceline Desbordes-Valmore, Gérard de Nerval, and “Pauvre Lelian” (“Poor Lelian”, an anagram of Paul Verlaine’s own name), each of whom Verlaine numbered among the poètes maudits- “accursed poets”. A poète maudit is a poet living a life outside or against society. Abuse of drugs and alcohol, insanity and in general any societal sin, often resulting in an early death are typical elements of the biography of a poète maudit.
This is just a fun little compatibility grid and how to use it is to find your sign on the left and then match it up with whatever sign you would like on the top and the color matches to the key below. You’re suppose to really use it to match up your Venus sign with your partner’s Mars sign but it can also be fun to match up Sun signs and more. Enjoy! -Rebecca
Today I modelled for @Stevie_Miller for her college project arm thing hehe. ^_^